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Cynthia L. Hunter

Hunter, C.L. A Natural History of the Hawaiian Islands: Selected Readings III. University of Hawaii Press. in review.

Forsman, Z.H., B.K. Kimokeo, C.E. Bird, C.L. Hunter, and R.J. Toonen (2012) Coral farming: effects of light, water motion, and artificial foods. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK 92(4): 721-729.

Smith, J.E., C.L. Hunter, and C.M. Smith (2010) The effects of top-down versus bottom-up control on benthic coral reef community structure. Oecologia 163(2): 497-507.

Forsman, Z.H., D. Barshis, and C.L. Hunter (2009) Shape-shifting corals: Molecular markers show morphology is evolutionarily plastic in Porites. BMC Evolutionary Biology 9: 45-54

C.L. Hunter, E. Krauss, J. Fitzpatrick, and J. Kennedy (2008) Current and historic distribution and abundance of the inarticulated brachiopod, Lingula reevei Davidson (1880), in Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, Hawaii. Marine Biology 155(2): 205-210.

Forsman, Z., B. Rinkevich, and C.L. Hunter (2006) Investigating nubbin size and ex situ nursery conditions for culturing reef-building corals (Porites lobata and P. compressa). Aquaculture. 261:89-97.

Forsman, Z. C. L. Hunter, G. E. Fox, G. M. Wellington (2005) Is the ITS region the solution to the ‘species problem’ in corals? Intragenomic variation and alignment permutation in Porites, Siderastrea and outgroup taxa. Proc. Tenth International Coral Reef Symposium, Okinawa.

Smith, J.E., C.L. Hunter, E.J. Conklin, R. Most, T. Sauvage, C. Squair, and C.M. Smith (2004) Ecology of the invasive red alga Gracilaria salicornia (Rhodophyta) on Oahu, Hawaii. Pacific Science. 58 (2): 325-343

Vroom, P., C.M. Smith, J.A. Coyer, C.L. Hunter, L. Walters, K. Beach, and J. Smith (2003) Field biology of Halimeda tuna (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) across a depth gradient: Comparative growth, survivorship, recruitment, and reproduction. Hydrobiologia 501:149-166

Beach, K.L, Walters, L.J., Vroom, P., Smith, C.M., Coyer, J.A., Hunter, C.L. (2003) Variability in the ecophysiology of Halimeda spp. (Chlorophyta, Bryopsidales) on Conch Reef, Florida Keys. J. Phycology 39(4): 633-643.

Walters, L.J., C.M. Smith, J.A. Coyer, C.L. Hunter, K.S. Beach, and P.S. Vroom (2002) Asexual propagation in the coral reef macroalga Halimeda (Chlorophyta, Bryopsidales): production, dispersal and attachment of small fragments. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 278: 47-65.

Smith, J.E., C.L. Hunter, and C.M. Smith (2002) Distribution and reproductive characteristics of non-indigenous and invasive marine algae in the Hawaiian Islands. Pacific Science. 56(3): 299-315.

Kohn, A.J. and C.L. Hunter (2001) The feeding process in Conus imperialis. Veliger 44: 232-234.

Smith, J.E., C.M. Smith, and C.L. Hunter (2001) An experimental analysis of the effects of herbivory and nutrient enrichment on benthic community dynamics on a Hawaiian reef. Coral Reefs 19: 332-342.

Hunter, C.L. (1999) First records of coral diseases and tumors on Hawaiian reefs. Pp. 73-97 in Proc. Hawaii Coral Reef Monitoring Workshop, J.E. Maragos and R. Grober-Dunsmore, East West Center and Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources, Honolulu, HI.

Hunter, C.L. and M.D. Stephenson (1999) Pollution Impacts on Biodiversity in Coral Reef Ecosystems of Central Pacific Islands. pp. 419-440 in Marine and Coastal Biodiversity in the Tropical Island Pacific Region. L.G. Eldredge, J.E. Maragos, P. F. Holthus, and H.F. Takeuchi (eds.), Pacific Science Association, Honolulu, HI.

Hopper, D.R., C.L. Hunter, and R.H. Richmond (1998) Sexual reproduction of the tropical sea cucumber, Actinopyga mauritiana (Echinodermata; Holothuroidea) in Guam. Bull. Mar. Sci. 63(1):1-9.

Hunter, C.L., C.W. Morden, and C.M. Smith (1997) The utility of ITS sequences in assessing relationships among zooxanthellae and corals. Proc. Eighth International Coral Reef Symposium, Panama. 2:1599-1602.

Hunter, C.L., M.D. Stephenson, G.S. Ichikawa, J.D. Goetzl, K.S. Paulson, D.B. Crane, D.G. Crosby, R.S. Tjeerdema, and J.W. Newman (1995) Contaminants in oysters in Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii. Mar. Poll. Bull. 30(10): 646-654.

Hunter, C.L. and C.W. Evans (1995) Coral Reefs in Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii: Two centuries of western influence and two decades of data. Bull. Mar. Sci. 57(1):501-515.

Hunter, C.L. (1993) Genotypic variation and clonal structure in coral populations with different disturbance histories. Evolution, 47(4):1213-1228.

Jokiel, P. L., C.L. Hunter, S. Taguchi, and L. Watarai (1993) Ecological impact of a fresh-water "reef kill" in Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, Hawaii. Coral Reefs. 12 (3/4):177-184.

Rice, S.A. and C.L. Hunter (1992) Effects of suspended sediment and burial on scleractinian corals from west central Florida patch reefs. Bull. Mar. Sci. 51(3): 429-442.

Richmond, R. H. and C.L. Hunter (1990) Reproduction and recruitment of corals: comparisons among the Caribbean, the tropical Pacific, and the Red Sea. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 60:185-203.

Hunter, C.L. (1988) Environmental cues controlling spawning in two species of Hawaiian corals, Montipora verrucosa and M. dilatata. Proc. Sixth International Coral Reef Symposium, Townsville, Australia, Vol. 2:727-732.

Hunter, C.L. (1986) Assessment of clonal diversity and population structure of the scleractinian coral, Porites compressa. Proc. Fifth International Coral Reef Symposium, Papeete, Tahiti. Vol. 6:69-74.

Hunter, C.L. and C. C. Kehoe (1985) Patchwork patchreefs: the clonal diversity of the coral Porites compressa in Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii. In: Jokiel, P.L., Richmond, R.H., and Rogers, R.A.(eds.) Population biology of reefs. Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, Technical Report No. 37, pp. 34-42.

Hunter Lab Graduate Students

Mora, Camilo, Frazier, Abby G., Longman, Ryan J., Dacks, Rachel S., Walton, Maya M., Tong, Eric J., Sanchez, Joseph J., Kaiser, Lauren R., Stender, Yuko O., Anderson, James M., Ambrosino, Christine M., Fernandez-Silva, Iria, Giuseffi, Louise M., Giambelluca, Thomas W. (2013) The projected timing of climate departure from recent variability. Nature. 502:183-187

Richards Donà, A, Cervino JM, Goreau TJ, Bartels E, Hughen K, Smith GW, Donà A. (2008) Coral Yellow Band Disease; current status in the Caribbean, and links to new Indo-Pacific outbreaks. Proc. 11th Int. Coral Reef Symp. 1:239-243.

Dissertations and Theses

Hunter, Cynthia L. (1988) Genotypic diversity and population structure of the Hawaiian reef coral, Porites compressa Ph.D. dissertation. University of Hawaii.

Walton, Maya M. (2013) Do marine protected areas facilitate coral reef ecosystem health? An investigation of coral disease and its associated factors in Oahu's marine life conservation districts. M.Sc. thesis. University of Hawaii.

Richards Donà, Angela (2012) Investigation into pathological responses of two phenotypes of the scleractinian coral, Montastraea faveolata, to putative marine Vibrio pathogens. M.Sc. thesis. School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, State University of New York, Stony Brook University.

Technical Reports

Hunter C.L. (1995) Review of status of coral reefs around American Flag Pacific Islands and assessment of need, value, and feasibility of establishing a coral reef fishery management plan for the Western Pacific region. Final Report prepared for Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council.

Hunter C.L., Friedlander, A.M., Magruder W.H., Meier K.Z. (1993) Ofu reef survey baseline assessment and recommendations for long-term monitoring of the proposed National Park, Ofu, American Samoa. Final Report to the National Park Service.

Popular Press and Other Mention

This article in Star Advertiser, authored by Dr. Hunter and colleagues, shows us there is a lot we can do to help save Hawaiian coral reefs.
Cynthia Hunter, Charles Birkeland, Robert Richmond. May 2015. There is much we can do to save our reefs. Star Advertiser.

This article in MidWeek talks about UH efforts to clean up invasive algae.
Lisa Asato. October 2006. Declaring War on Alien Algae. MidWeek. Available online:

This article in Nature discusses Dr. Hunter's work on coral clones.
Diamond J.M. (1986) Clones within a coral reef. Nature. 323:109.